Physical Education Teacher Programs

According to the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE), 16 percent of the nation's children are overweight and a growing number are developing diabetes and high blood pressure. Experts put the blame on two factors - poor nutritional habits and lack of physical activity. As a health and/or physical education teacher, you can play an important role in improving the health of our nation's children by giving them the skills and knowledge necessary to a lead a healthy lifestyle.

Physical Education Programs by Degree

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Traditional On Campus Programs:

As a physical education or PE teacher, you can instruct students of all ages how to move and perform a variety of physical activities while achieving the benefits of health. Unlike other teacher specialists, physical education educators may teach elementary, middle or high school students in both public and private schools. Earning your Masters in Physical Education may provide you with a challenging and rewarding career as a certified PE teacher and give you insight into physical fitness and health.

Physical health is an integral component of an overall education. As reported in Newsweek, a study conducted by the University of Illinois revealed how active and physically fit elementary school students scored higher on math and science examinations than their less active counterparts. High quality physical education teachers may motivate their students with a lifelong dedication to their physical fitness, mental health and well-being.

If you want to learn how to be a gym teacher to help the next generation of students improve their health and learning abilities through physical fitness, review our physical education colleges to compare programs in your area. We have direct relationships with Masters in Physical Education schools across the nation that offer accredited campus based and online programs. As a general rule, it's better to request information from multiple programs to be sure you choose the right one for you.

Health & Physical Education Job Description

Health and physical education are taught at all grade levels from kindergarten through high school. Health and physical education teachers typically teach five to six classes a day. At the elementary level, physical education programs serve as an introduction to various types of physical activity. The emphasis tends to be on coordination, teamwork and an appreciation for sports. At the secondary level, programs become more specialized and in-depth. For example, a physical education teacher at this level might teach a class in aerobics or rock climbing. Most physical education teachers also teach a health curriculum. This may include topics such as:

  • Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug prevention
  • Nutrition education
  • Personal and community health and safety
  • Lifetime survival skills
  • Healthy lifestyle choices
  • First aid and CPR

Health and physical education teachers frequently are responsible for teaching sex education and human development classes. Many also work as coaches and athletic directors.

Health & Physical Education Degree Requirements

To work as a health and/or physical education teacher in a public school, you will need at least a bachelor's degree in education with an endorsement in health/physical education from an accredited teacher preparation program. In addition to teaching methodology classes, health and physical education majors take classes in exercise physiology, kinesiology, health and wellness and activity courses like tennis, basketball, and aerobics. All 50 states require health and physical education teachers to be licensed. Exact requirements for PE teachers vary but most states require a student teaching internship and a passing score on a comprehensive exam such as the Praxis. Teaching health and physical education is a physically demanding job so candidates should be fit and healthy.

Curriculum Information in Physical Education Colleges

Physical education teachers contribute to the growth and development of children of all ages in the cognitive, physical and social realms through the design of well-planned course planning and physical movement. Courses that may be included in your learning curriculum may include:

Introduction to Teaching Physical Education

As part of your specialty degree to learn how to be a gym teacher, you may explore the philosophical approach to physical fitness and the current trends that define health and wellness. Learning theories, practical approaches and inspirational aspects of fitness are defined by your own philosophy and experiences in this discipline. Principles and strategies for learning are explored and described through grand learning theories and educational research tools and studies. Make sure you choose a Masters in Physical Education, or Doctorate in Phys Ed program that reflects these ideals.

As an educator, physical education teachers are also required to have scientific and theoretical knowledge, possess fitness-based skills and demonstrate physical competence. Activities and competencies are planned for your students via learning theories, purpose and are defined by preplanned objectives and goals.

Growth and Development and Motor Learning

This course instructs on the normal growth, development and motor function of children and adolescents. As related to coordinated movement and motor skills, activity planning is integrated with the age-related capabilities of agility, balance, coordination and strength. The three basic areas of the class are guided by learning theories to address individual sports, physical fitness and team sports. As an educator, you may explore the following theoretical concepts in this course:

  • Emphasis on the rules of the game
  • Assessment of skills and developmental motor coordination
  • Strategy of class activities
  • Evaluation and definition of fitness level
  • Strategies to maintain the safety of your students in sports-related activities

Designing Sports Programs for the Special Child

Young children and adolescents are entitled to the health, wellness and the satisfaction of physical accomplishments. This course provides instruction on the appropriate and effective strategies that may be applied to exceptional children who are physically or developmentally challenged.

As designed with the assistance of conceptual frameworks, you will learn to incorporate a structured program with class activities that assist the special learner with a sense of accomplishment and the benefits of exercise. Physical education teachers are expected to assess, evaluate and provide programs that engage all students and provide the health and awareness that accompanies a healthy and fit body.

Planning and Implementation of Physical Activities

The physical educator is responsible for the planning of developmentally appropriate learning experiences that are related to physical movement and motor skills. Curriculum is designed with learning theories and educational frameworks that deliver research-based activities for children and adolescents. Activities may include the following:

  • Yoga
  • Football Fundamentals
  • Basketball Theory and Learning Styles
  • Soccer
  • Dance
  • Cardio Health

Depending on your state of practice, state-approved conceptual frameworks may be assigned as the basis for teaching standards. Alignment of standards used by state accredited schools are discussed and explored. The planning and implementation phase of curriculum design are practiced and employed in various learning situations. Physical educators incorporate content and disciplinary concepts related to the development of health and physical fitness.

Physical Education Degree Requirements: Practicum Experience for Physical Educators

As part of a learning experience and a class project, you may be expected to design, implement and evaluate a learning program related to physical education. Course theories are used to design class activities or organized sports to assess the appropriate exercises for children and adolescents. Motor skills, physical ability and muscle coordination are the focus for project design.

As a prospective teacher, you may apply your designed program to an actual classroom toward the completion of your specialty degree. Hands-on experience in a physical education environment is paramount to understanding the role of the physical educator. Your role as learner may include the carefully constructed project that is implemented, assessed and evaluated for successful student outcomes.

Health & Physical Education Career Outlook for PE Teachers

A 2008 study on teacher supply and demand by the American Association for Employment in Education identified health and physical education as a specialty with some surplus of qualified candidates. This means teachers in this category may experience difficulty finding a job and may need to conduct wider job searches.

According to the American Federation of Teachers, a beginning teacher with a bachelor's degree earned an average of $33,227 in the 2005-2006 school year. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages of kindergarten, elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers ranged from $47,100 to $51,180 in 2008. Many health and physical education teachers boost their earnings by coaching sports or by earning a Masters in Physical Education.

Health & Physical Education Trends

Tough economic times are putting the squeeze on many schools' physical education budgets. In a survey conducted by NASPE and Polar USA, 36 percent of the K-12 physical education teachers polled said their annual budget had declined. 46 percent of respondents said their budget had stayed the same. Only 11 percent reported budget increases. Overall, 61 percent of physical education teachers report an annual budget of less than $1,000 - a figure the association called "alarming."

PE Teacher Education Online

Are you a physical education teacher looking to further your knowledge in the field at your own pace? Or are you a working professional who would like to make a career change into physical education but can't fit a traditional degree program into your work schedule?

If you fall into either category, an online physical education degree program may be right for you.

Most online physical education programs are offered at the graduate level, so it's best if you already hold an undergraduate degree. In addition to exploring various team sports and recreational activities, you can expect to take courses such as teaching methods in physical education, human growth and development, coaching theory, and assessment in physical education.

Course content is delivered over the Web and students typically can access classes at any time. Class discussions are held via regularly scheduled online chats.

Many online physical education degree programs indicate that they can be completed in two to two-and-a-half years. Some, such as the one offered by Canisius College, can be completed in as little as 15 months. Some components that indicate a high-quality online program include National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) accreditation and a student teaching practicum.

Online Physical Education Degrees to Consider

If you're a professional educator interested in K-12 athletic administration, then you may want to consider Northcentral University's online Master of Education in sports management. This program includes courses such as facilities management, policy development and administration of athletic programs. It is especially suited to individuals already working as coaches in schools.

Do you already hold initial teaching licensure in physical education and would like to further your studies in the field? Canisius College in Buffalo has an NCATE-accredited online Master of Science in physical education degree for currently licensed teachers. The entire curriculum can be completed online.

The University of South Florida offers an online Master of Arts in physical education. It is NCATE-accredited and open to new and veteran teachers as well as career changers. All content is offered online so there is no need to step foot on campus.

If you are ready to move toward your goal of working in physical education, request information from the programs below to choose the best program.

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